Neutral colours: white, black
Primary colours: yellow, red, blue
Secondary colours: orange, green, purple
Tertiary colours: citrine, russet, olive
Semi-neutral: brown, maroon, grey
COLOURLESS AND WHITE
1. Snow-white; as the purest white.
2. Pure white; very pure, but not so clear as the last.
3. Ivory-white; white verging to yellow, with a little luster.
4. Milk-white; dull white verging to blue.
5. Chalk-white; very dull white, with a little touch of grey.
6. Silvery; a little changing to bluish grey, with something of a metallic lustre.
7. Whitish; any kind of white a little soiled.
8. Turning white; changing to a whitish cast from some other colour.
9. Whitened; slightly covered with white upon a darker ground.
Glassy, water clear, ice clear, transparent, semi-opal, scarious.
Dead white, brilliantly pure white, unblemished white, paper-white, shining white, plaster-white, white-lead-coloured, white clay(yellow tint), milk-white(blue tint), cream-coloured, becoming white, marbled-white¡.
1. Ash-grey; a mixture of pure white and pure black, so as to form an intermediate tint.
2. Ash-greyish; a little whiter.
3. Pearl-grey; pure grey, a little verging to blue.
4. Slate-grey; grey, bordering on blue.
5. Lead-coloured; the same with a little metallic luster.
6. Smoky; grey, changing to brown.
7. Mouse-coloured; grey, with a touch of red.
8. Hoary; a grayish whiteness, caused by hairs overlying a green surface.
9. Rather hoary; a variety of the last.
Grey of wood-ashes, becoming grey, blue-grey, iris of the eye, dove-coloured, slate-coloured, tint of wood-louse, elephant¡¯s hide, steel-grey, dark grey, smoky, sooty.
1. Pure black; black without the mixture of any other colour.
2. Black; a little tinged with grey.
3. Coal-black; a little verging upon blue.
4. Raven-black; black, with a strong luster.
5. Pitch-black; black, changing to brown, brown-black.
Inky, glistening black, trifle rusty, intense black, pitchy, swarthy, Negro-black, blackish, charred black, mulberry-black,
1. Chestnut-brown; dull brown, a little tinged with red.
2. Brown; brown, tinged with grayish or blackish.
3. Deep brown; a pure dull brown. Umber-brown is nearly the same.
4. Bright brown; pure and very clear brown.
5. Rusty; light brown, with a little mixture of red.
6. Cinnamon; bright brown, mixed with yellow and red.
7. Red-brown; brown, mixed with red.
8. Rufous; rather redder than the last.
9. Glandaceus; like the last, but yellower.
10. Liver-coloured; dull brown, with a little yellow.
11. Sooty; dirty brown, verging upon black.
12. Lurid; dirty brown, a little clouded.
Bandyke brown, coffee brown, earth brown, burnt umber; Spanish brown, blackish brown, scorched wood, light brown,
YELLOW AND ORANGE
1. Lemon-coloured; the purest yellow, without any brightness.
2. Golden yellow; pure yellow, but duller than the last, and bright,
3. Yellow; such yellow as gamboges.
4. Pale yellow; a pure but paler yellow than the preceding.
5. Sulphur-coloured; a pale lively yellow, with a mixture of white.
6. Straw-coloured; dull yellow, mixed with white.
7. Leather-yellow; whitish yellow.
8. Ochre-coloured; yellow, imperceptibly changing to brown.
9. Ochroleucus; the same, but whiter.
10. Waxy yellow; dull yellow, with a soft mixture of reddish brown.
11. Yolk of egg; dull yellow, just turning to red.
12. Apricot-coloured; yellow, with a perceptible mixture of red.
13. Orange-coloured; the same, but redder.
14. Saffron-coloured; the same, but deeper and with a dash of brown.
15. Helvolus; grayish yellow, with a little brown.
16. Isabella-yellow; dull yellow, with a mixture of grey and red.
17. Testaceous; brownish yellow, like that of unglazed earthenware.
18. Cervinus; the same darker.
19. Livid; clouded with grayish, brownish and bluish.
Raw silk, lemon-rind, luster of gold, amber, straw-colour, box-wood, beeswax, honey-colour, ochre-colour, lion, stag, camel, weasel, fawn-colour, tawny cinnamon, greenish yellow, gum galbanum, jaundice yellow, wan yellow, muddy yellow, stone yellow, buttercup yellow, citrine
Cracknel biscuit, rhubarb colour, rusty, colour of tufa, horn colour, fawn-coloured clay.
1. Grass-green; clear lively green, without any mixture.
2. Green; clear green, but less bright than the last.
3. Verdigris-green; deep green, with a mixture of blue.
4. Sea-green; dull green, passing into grayish blue.
5. Deep green; green, a little verging upon black.
6. Yellowish green; much stained with yellow.
7. Olive-green; a mixture of green and brown.
Leek-greek, emerald-green, parrot-green, vetch-green, very deep green, yellowish green, greenish, brassy, bronze, willow-green, ripe olive, deep sea-green, green of unripe peas,
BLUE, VIOLET AND PURPLE
1. Prussian blue; a clear bright blue.
2. Indigo; the deepest blue.
3. Blue; something lighter and duller than the last.
4. Sky-blue; a light, pure, lively blue.
5. Lavender-coloured; pale blue, with a slight mixture of grey.
6. Violet; pure blue stained with red, so as to be intermediate between the two colours.
7. Lilac; pale dull violet, mixed a little with white.
Cornflower-blue, bright blue, turquoise-blue, blue-grey of the eye, dark blue, Egyptian blue, light blue, bilberry blue, plum blue, litmus violet, pale blue, pale violet, mauve, dark violet, dark purple, flax blue, eye blue, livid violet, livid purple, grayish lilac, dark vinaceous, purple slate,
Royal purple, purple-in-grain, bluish pink, amethyst violet, Tyrian purple,
1. Carmine; the purest red, without any admixture.
2. Red; the common term for any pure red.
3. Rosy; pale pure red.
4. Flesh-coloured; paler than the last , with a slight mixture of red.
5. Purple; dull red, with a slight dash of blue.
6. Sanguine; dull red, passing into brownish black.
7. Phoeniceous; pure lively red, with a mixture of carmine and scarlet.
8. Scarlet; pure carmine, slightly tinged with yellow.
9. Flame-coloured; very lively scarlet, fiery red.
10. Bright red; reddish, with a metallic luster.
11. Cinnbar; scarlet, with a slight mixture of orange.
12. Vermilion; scarlet, with a decided mixture of yellow.
13. Brick-colour; very lively scarlet, fiery red.
14. Brown-red; dull red, with a slight mixture of brown.
15. Xerampelinus; dull red, with a strong mixture of brown.
16. Coppery; brownish red, with a metallic luster.
17. Githagineus; greenish red.
Cochineal, red-lead, crimson, blood-colour, terra cotta, brick-red, pink, blush, rose, coral-red, peach-flower, pale red, fire red, twilight red,
1. Variegated; the colour disposed in various irregular, sinuous spaces.
2. Blotched; the colour disposed in broad, irregular blotches.
3. Spotted; the colour disposed in small spots.
4. Clouded; when colours are unequally blended together.
5. Marbled; when a surface is traversed by irregular veins of colour; as a block of marble often is.
6. Tessellated; when the colour is arranged in small squares, so as to have some resemblance to a tessellated pavement.
7. Bordered; when one colour is surrounded by an edging of another.
8. Edged; when one colour is surrounded by a very narrow rim of another.
9. Discoidal; when there is a single large spot of colour in the center of some other.
10. Banded; when there are transverse stripes of one colour crossing another.
11. Striped; when there are longitudinal stripes of one colour corssing another.
12. Ocellated; when a broad spot of some colour has another spot of a different colour within it.
13. Painted; when colours are disposed in streaks of unequal intensity.
14. Zoned; the same as ocellated, but the concentric bands more numberous.
15. Blurred; used to indicate spots or rays which seem formed by the abrasion of the surface.
16. Lettered; when the spots upon a surface assume the form and appearance of letters; as some opegraphas.
Since I cannot create table chart in Mayacafe, I would rather list
them. Sorry for the bad format...
- Re: COLOUR NOMENCLATURE(edited)posted on 10/08/2004
I am not sure if you are aware of the World Color Survey (WCS). There is a web site at http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/wcs/index.html . Kind of out of date now. The book it mentions is:
Color Categories in Thought & Language
Written by C. L. Hardin Luisa Maffi
Published by Cambridge University Press (August 1997)
- Re: COLOUR NOMENCLATURE(edited)posted on 10/08/2004
Thank you, A reader.
You see, I am a slow learner. The color here will kill me
several years to master.
Thank you for your links 'n poem, I am writing a poem called
(c) 2010 Maya Chilam Foundation